As the virus continues to spread internationally, scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) have revealed the risk factors linked with Monkeypox.
This comes after WHO received reports of 257 confirmed cases of monkeypox and 120 suspected cases in 23 countries.
With 106 instances, the United Kingdom led the infection log, followed by Portugal and Canada with 49 and 26 cases, respectively.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have recorded 12 cases in eight states in the United States.
The WHO has received reports of 1,365 cases and 69 fatalities caused by the virus in five African nations. These diseases were recorded between mid-December and late May at different times. During a Facebook live session on May 30, Rosamund Lewis, WHO Technical Lead for monkeypox, said that direct contact with monkeypox patients is the most major risk factor for monkeypox virus infection, and that the virus is expanding into older populations, even in endemic settings.
She stated that efforts should be done to halt the spread of the virus before it reaches more susceptible individuals and replaces smallpox in the broader population.
“Health workers, doctors, nurses and health authorities, governments need to realise this is something they need to work on. Get tested, train health workers and raise awareness, so that the cases that are occurring can be detected quickly and so that transmission and for the spread can be stopped, that is the objective,” she said
Speaking on the kind of symptoms people should be aware of, the WHO Advisor on HIV, Hepatitis, and STI programmes, Andy Seale, said the critical thing that people need to do is really lookout for any unusual rash, sudden onset of fever, or swelling in lymph nodes.
“And of course, be conscious of your own social networks. If you hear from a previous or current partner, whether it’s a social partner or somebody that you’ve had a s#xual relationship with, that they’re either unwell, take extra care and seek health advice,” he added.
Similarly, to an explainer on the WHO website, the incubation period of monkeypox, which is the interval from infection to onset of symptoms is usually from 6 to 13 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.
The global health body says the infection can be divided into invasion period and skin eruption.
It said; “The invasion period lasts between 0 to 5 days and is characterized by fever, intense headache, lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes), back pain, myalgia (muscle aches), and intense asthenia (lack of energy).
“While the skin eruption usually begins within 1 to 3 days of the appearance of fever. It mostly affects the face in 95 per cent of cases, and palms of the hands and soles of the feet in 75 per cent of cases.”